A smart home is a residence that uses Internet-connected devices to allow the remote monitoring and management of home appliances and systems, such as light and heating.
Smart home technology, also called home automation, provides homeowners security, comfort, convenience, and energy efficiency by allowing them to control smart devices, often by a good home app on their smartphone or another networked device. An integral part of the internet of things (IoT), smart home systems and devices often operate together, sharing consumer usage data among themselves and automating activities predicated on the homeowners’ tastes.
The origins of the smart home:
With the 1975 release of X10, a communication process for home automation, the smart home, once a fantasy a la The Jetsons, arrived alive. X10 transmits 120 kHz radio regularity (RF) bursts of digital information onto a home’s existing electrical wiring to programmable retailers or switches. These signals convey codes to matching devices, managing how and when the devices operate. A transmitter could, for example, send a sign over the house’s electric wiring, sharing with a device to turn on at a specific time.
However, as electrical power wiring isn’t made to be particularly free from radio-band “noise,” X10 was not always fully reliable. Alerts would be lost and, in some instances, signals wouldn’t mix circuits which were wired on different polarities, created when 220-volt service is put into a set of 100-volt feeds, as is common in the U.S. Also, X10 was primarily a one-way technology, so while smart devices can take commands, they cannot send data back again to a central network. Later, however, two-way X10 devices became available, albeit at an increased cost.
The Best Smart Home Devices of 2018
What if all the devices in your life could connect to the internet? Not just computers and smartphones, but everything: clocks, speakers, lights, doorbells, cameras, windows, window blinds, hot water heaters, appliances, cooking utensils, you name it. And what if those devices could all communicate, send you information, and take your commands? It’s not science fiction; it’s the Internet of Things (IoT), and it’s a key component of home automation and smart homes.